FUE Hair Transplantation
THE FUE TECHNIQUE
The FUE (Follicular Unit Excision) technique for hair transplantation is one of the most advanced surgeries to end problems of alopecia and baldness in both men and women.
This surgery consists in the methodical extraction of follicular units from the donor area of the patient and, later, to graft them in the region suffering from alopecia.
Following are some FAQs and important information related to Hair Surgery with FUE technique.
What is the FUE technique of hair transplant?
This technique of transplant began to be practised in the year 2002 and in recent years has experienced great development and progress worldwide. Currently, 60-70% of hair surgeries are performed with the FUE technique. Some advances that are mainly due to the improvement of the extraction instruments, such as the micropunch and facilitates the penetration of the skin of the scalp as well as the depth control of the cut.
The FUE technique uses local anaesthesia to desensitize the scalp during the selection of the follicular units that will be extracted and also in the area where the transplant will be produced.
Hair transplantation with FUE technique is a procedure that is performed under aseptic conditions in all its phases and apparently simple to the patient’s eye. But in reality, it is a very complicated and laborious intervention for the surgeon that without a doubt requires a high degree of specialization and surgical skill.
How many sessions are necessary for hair transplant with FUE technique?
It depends on the number of follicular units that need to be transplanted in each patient and depending on their own characteristics, the transplant with FUE technique can be performed in sessions that can be half a day or a full day. Sometimes, it takes more than one day so the intervention can be done in two days consecutively or with intervals of 5 or more months away.
Conditions that hinder hair transplant with FUE technique
However, it must be remembered that, although the FUE technique is one of the most used techniques in hair transplantation, there are some conditions that may hinder its execution.
The fineness of the hair, curly or very curly hair (such as curved C-shaped hair), white hair or adhesion of the follicular units to the surrounding tissue as well as skin with fibrosis, scars etc.
Advantages and disadvantages of the FUE technique
As it is a surgical procedure, hair transplant using the FUE technique has multiple advantages, although it also has some drawbacks.
Advantages of the FUE technique
The advantages offered by the FUE technique with respect to other hair transplant surgeries are:
- Minimum invasiveness (since only minimal incisions are required in the donor area and receiving area to extract and graft the follicular units).
- Rapid recovery (during the following 72 hours the patient must continue his life taking into account the indications of the surgeon, in addition, he must remain calm, take the medication prescribed by the health professional and take care of the head position.)
- Absence of visible scars (thanks to this advanced technique of hair transplant surgery and the surgical material used, the incisions in the skin are very small, quick to heal and the scars are minimal and imperceptible).
- Natural results (the design of the receiving area and placement at the correct angle of each of the transplanted hairs is essential to a good result).
Furthermore, it is important to note that FUE is a minor surgery, with little risk to the patient, requiring only local anaesthesia.
Among the disadvantages presented by the FUE technique, it is pointed out that shaving of the donor area, either total or partial, requires a more delicate work by the surgeon and a limited obtaining of follicular units from the donor area by 30% per square centimetre. This amount is adequate to leave a cosmetically acceptable density with short hair, and do not deplete the donor area.
The performance of a hair transplant surgery is considered a minor surgical intervention since it only requires the use of local anaesthesia and has no risks for the patient. However, it is necessary to take into account some important considerations so that patients are in the best conditions at the time of operation.
The first steps to achieving natural and satisfactory results are the personalized study of each case, the design of the receiving area, the selection of the donor area and the knowledge of the possible diseases and pathologies suffered by the patient.
In these first consultations, the patient must communicate if he takes any medication on a regular basis so that medical professionals can evaluate the consequences. Although the vast majority of drugs are not a drawback, it is necessary and advisable not to take any anti-inflammatory or aspirin in the two weeks before the hair transplant surgery.
It is recommended to completely suppress the consumption of alcoholic drinks between three and four days before the intervention as well as drinks with caffeine and gas. These products can generate adverse reactions to the drugs used by professionals during surgery and can constitute an increase in bleeding that negatively impact the results of hair transplantation.
Another factor to take into account is the consumption of tobacco. It is advisable not to smoke during the two days before the operation due to the possible decrease in vascular risk that may occur.
Food supplements and multivitamins
With regard to food supplements, in addition to communicating them to the medical team, multivitamins must be eliminated from the diet, especially vitamin B and E complexes or other products. These supplements may have an anticoagulant effect that may impair the course and result of the operation.
Products for the hair (shampoo, lotions and fixers)
The day that the operation is performed it is convenient that the patient continues his normal routine, with his usual shampoo and with a light breakfast. In addition, the use of lotions or hair fixatives should be avoided so that the hair reaches the hands of the surgeon in its natural state.
Clothing (How to go dressed for hair surgery?)
Due to the duration of the intervention, it is advisable to go to the clinic with comfortable clothes so that the patient can dress and undress. The most suitable garments are those with a front opening, such as shirts with buttons or a zipper, thus avoiding clothes that have to be worn through the head. With these cloths, the rubbing of the tissue on the transplanted area and unnecessary risks that can damage the hair grafts will be avoided.
In the weeks after transplantation, it is advisable to suspend bathing in beaches or pools and avoid the use of medications that may harm the follicular units transplanted, as is the case of aspirin. If it is necessary to take a drug, check with the medical professionals of the clinic.
To get the best hair loss treatment in Ludhiana, Asian Hair Transplant clinic is your best bet. Experts of the clinic will let you know the best treatment for the type issues you are dealing with.